Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are the defining feature of the 21st century. In today’s knowledge economy and society ICT capabilities are a core skill. Consequently, ICTs are a ubiquitous feature in national education policies and education institutions at all levels have been supplied with ICT facilities (e.g. desktop computers). Increasingly, however, the focus of ICTs in education has moved from a mere supply and teaching of ICT capabilities to the question how ICTs can support and transform the practice of teaching and learning itself.